L’Italia viola i diritti umani: l’importanza del reato di tortura

Basta una sola parola a rievocare quel senso di stizza, vergogna e insicurezza. Basta una parola di quattro lettere: Diaz. È lì (e successivamente anche nella caserma di Bolzaneto) che si consumò uno degli episodi più vergognosi per le forze dell’ordine italiane. Nella notte del 21 luglio 2001, reparti della Polizia di Stato, coadiuvati da alcuni battaglioni dei Carabinieri irruppero nella scuola picchiando a mani nude e con i manganelli un gruppo di attivisti e giornalisti che erano accampati nella scuola. Le persone presenti nella scuola erano disarmate e innocue, eppure la polizia infierì su di loro con assoluta ferocia, alternando violenza e umiliazione su tutti i presenti, uomini e donne. Chi fu ferito abbastanza seriamente da essere portato in ospedale, ebbe la fortuna di sfuggire alle ore di terrore successive. Stavolta lo scenario fu la caserma di Bolzaneto, dove circa 200 persone (alcune fermate nei precedenti cortei, altre arrestate alla Diaz) furono tenute per ore senza la possibilità di fare una telefonata o di poter parlare con un avvocato. Continue reading “L’Italia viola i diritti umani: l’importanza del reato di tortura”

Il contro-golpe di Erdoğan: attacco alla democrazia turca

L’ultima notizia che ci giunge dalla Turchia è datata 11 novembre 2016. Akin Atalay, editore del quotidiano Cumhuriyet, (protagonista della cronaca pochi giorni prima, a seguito di una retata che ha causato l’arresto di una quindicina di persone) è stato arrestato non appena arrivato in patria, di ritorno dalla Germania. La notizia giunge appena pochi giorni dopo un altro eclatante arresto.

Il 4 novembre sono stati arrestati Demirtas e Yuksekdag, rispettivamente leader e co-leader del partito di opposizione Hdp, partito filo-curdo e terza forza politica a sedere in Parlamento, dopo che nel 2015 era riuscito per la prima volta  superare lo sbarramento del 10%. Insieme a loro, altri 10 membri del partito sono stati arrestati, con l’accusa di aver rifiutato di collaborare nelle indagini condotte dal governo turco sulle attività del Pkk, partito politico e organizzazione paramilitare sostenuto nel sud-est del paese (di etnia curda) e dichiarato illegale in Turchia, Europa e Stati Uniti. Continue reading “Il contro-golpe di Erdoğan: attacco alla democrazia turca”

La colpa di essere nate Donne.

Nel Mondo, ogni sette secondi, una ragazza che non ha ancora compiuto quindici anni si sposa.

Ogni anno muoiono per cause collegate al parto o alla gravidanza settantamila ragazze tra i quindici ed i diciannove anni.

In occasione della Giornata Internazionale dei Diritti delle Bambine, Save the Children ha redatto una classifica dei Paesi, strutturando la gerarchia in base a dove vengono piu’ o meno tutelati i diritti delle Donne. I parametri utilizzati per redigere questo prospetto sono stati cinque:

  1. Mortalità materna
  2. Numero di gravidanze nelle donne di età compresa tra i quindici ed i diciannove anni
  3. Numero di donne spose prima di aver compiuto la maggiore età
  4. Tasso di istruzione delle donne
  5. Percentuale di parlamentari donne presenti nell’organo legislativo Statale

Continue reading “La colpa di essere nate Donne.”

YEMEN, DISASTRO UMANITARIO

A chi non è morto sotto le bombe sono stati rasi al suolo istruzione, assistenza sanitaria, lavoro. E ora gli bombardano anche il poco cibo rimasto. Perché se vivi, vivi da pezzente, da schiavo, alle loro condizioni.

Continue reading “YEMEN, DISASTRO UMANITARIO”

Peace for Colombia

Colombia is the third most populous country in Latin America. More interesting is the fact that it can be claimed to be the oldest democracy of the continent. A part a four-years dictatorship, Colombia has seen a number of democratic governments switching power from liberals to conservatives to the now standing more centrist coalition of President Juan Manuel Santos. Furthermore, Colombia can be praised for its responsible policies against the wide spread populism which tends to prevail in the politics of Southern America. In fact, until 1995 Colombia has seen a steady growth of 5% a year and avoided cases of hyperinflation unlike its neighbors. What happened in 1995? Or better, what was happening despite these honorable achievements? Continue reading “Peace for Colombia”

Desperately looking for freedom in Venezuela: the fight for human rights

It works like this, in Venezuela. You cannot express your own opinion publicly if it involves positions against the regime. If you do, you have to be ready to leave your family, your home, the ones who follow you, to lose your children’s birthdays and soccer games, and wait. You just have to wait. Without being informed about your own condition, hoping you won’t get sick or you won’t receive the adequate cures and will be left dying in your narrow jail cell with other people guilty to have the same thoughts as you. That’s the story of Leopoldo Lopez. He was the former citizen in Caracas, a brilliant past in economics, political and social studies at Harvard University, lots of awards for his transparency and support to democracy.

Continue reading “Desperately looking for freedom in Venezuela: the fight for human rights”

The Other Face of Costa Rica

Tommaso Ribaudo is an Italian student of economics in Costa Rica, where he moved two years ago after living for one year in the United States. During his studies he had the opportunity of dealing with the problems he found in the beautiful nation he lives in, but sometimes things are not as we expect them to be.

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During the last decade of the XX century Costa Rica, one of the most stable and peaceful democracies in Latin America (the country has no standing army since 1948), started to become one of the most visited places in Central America, thanks to the huge tourism industry built mostly on foreign investments. Now Costa Rica attracts 2 million visitors each year, more than 50% of the local population.

Alongside the tourism boom, especially during the last years, another industry started booming: the strategic position of the port of Limón made it a crucial spot for drug cartels that need to bring their product from the producer (mainly Colombia) to the consumer (mostly the US and Europe). It’s estimated that 17.5 tons of cocaine pass through the port each year and, with only 4 police stations serving a population of over 15,000, the “Narcos” now rule the city.

Even though the local market is growing with more and more locals getting involved in this industry, the major cartels who oversee the safe passage for drugs through Costa Rican territories are the “Caballeros Templares de Michoacan” (the Michoacan Templar Knights) and the “Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias Colombiana” (also known as FARC, the Revolutionary armed force of Colombia), respectively a Mexican and a Colombian criminal organization. These transnational organized criminal groups use the geography and the thick vegetation to protect their interests; two rivers are mainly used to move drugs from open sea to the hinterland, and drivers are paid around 25 USD to run the boats through the streams.

For the local population, and me, this is not breaking news. It’s not unusual to hear that someone died during the night; it’s not unusual to hear gunshots in the middle of the night, we’ve learned to live with it, to accept that this problem exists and to “live and let live”. You understand that, to live in paradise, you have to accept the hell that is around you.

But, on December 3rd 2013, Costa Rican government joint with the United Nation Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) launched the “Costa Rica Situation Report 2013: Drug Trafficking and the Threat of Organized Crime”. First of its kind in this region, the report focuses on providing information on drugs and human trafficking in Costa Rica, highlighting the main routes, the effects of different international and local trends in organized crime on the country and the relation between drugs consumption and violence. Their intent is to provide this information to local authorities, so that they can act accordingly.

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And it’s working, in part at least: even though the data shows that drugs passing through Costa Rica are rising, different police operations successfully tackled down many active groups: in 2013, 1.7 tons of cocaine were confiscated in one single operation, rising the quantity of seized cocaine to 5 tons in just that year; some time later a group related to the Mexican cartel that exported cocaine to Belgium was taken down. This are just two examples of the report’s results but, as the ex-president Laura Chinchilla said:”Costa Rica is victim of its own geography”; its strategic position will always attract international drug cartels and the war on drugs will go on.

But last September the 5th Latin American Conference on Drug Policies was held in San José, CR, and, as Giselle Amador, the executive director of Costa Rican Association for Drug Study and Intervention, said that the challenge that we now face is to find alternative ways to reduce violence, increase economic development and achieve the effective protection of human rights.The data shows that the murder rate in the last decade grew by 12% in the Latin American region, and it is possibly related to the current “war on drugs” approach.

The problem of violence and the increase in the prison population are two of the most serious, eloquent examples of the violations of human rights in the solutions provided so far,” said Graciela Touzé, president of Argentina’s Intercambios Civil Association; the war on drugs has brought more problems and solved none, but it is a necessary step to a better solution for a better world.